The story

Curlew- AM-8 - History


Curlew II
(AM-8: dp. 960, 1. 187'10"; b. 36'6"; dr. 9'10"; s.
14 k.; cpl. 72; a. 2 3"; cl. Lapwing)

The second Curlew (AM-8) was launched 29 August 1918 by Staten Island Shipbuilding Co., N. Y.; sponsored by Mrs. G. C. Rhodes; and commissioned 7 January 1919, Lieutenant J. McCloy in command.

Clearing Boston 6 April 1919 Curlew arrived at Inverness, Scotland, 20 April and was fitted out for experimental minesweeping out of Kirkwall, the Orkney Islands base for operations in the North Sea minefields. She sailed for home 2 October, calling at Chatham, England; Brest, France; Lisbon, Portugal; the Azores; and Bermuda, and reaching New York 19 November. Arriving at Portsmouth Navy Yard 26 November 1919, she was placed in ordinary 16 November 1920 without a crew.

In commission from 29 December 1920 to 7 February 1921, Curlew served with the Atlantic Fleet, then returned to reserve at Portsmouth. Recommissioned 29 October 1921, she cruised to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba in the first 4 months of 1922 to give support to the ships training there, then sailed north to New London to serve as submarine tender until September. Between September and February 1923, she operated with submarines in Chesapeake Bay and off the Virginia coast.

Reassigned to the 16th Naval District, Curlew reported at Coco Solo, C.Z., 6 August 1923. Besides acting as tender for seaplanes, she carried out rescue and salvage operations from Coco Solo. On 16 December 1926 Curlew grounded on the rocks at Point Mosquito Panama. Determined efforts were made to save her, but the heavy surf pounded her to pieces. She was decommissioned 28 February 1926, after all salvageable material was removed.


Other Warships "Curlew"

The first recording that is avaiable is of Curlew, an 8 gun Brig-sloop built in1795 at Rotherhithe, Thames River. Under the command of Cdr. Francis Ventris FIELD. Foundered in the North Sea on 31 December 1796, all hands lost.
Curlew, a Brig-sloop of 16 guns (Purchased 1803. Sold 1810) She was employed in the North Sea protecting trade to and from Malmo (Malmoe) and Gottenburg (Goeteborg) through the Sound and her boats captured seven Danish vessels carrying provisions to Norway. At the end of the season in 1810, Curlew was found to be defective and was paid off.
Curlew, built in 1812 at Bridport. An 18 gun 'Cruizer' class Brig-sloop. (Sold 1822) On 26 March 1813 Capt. HEAD captured the American privateer Volante, pierced for 22 guns but mounting ten 24 pounder carronades and four long 9 pounders. While on the Halifax station, Curlew, in company with Shannon, Nymphe and Tenedos, captured the brig Thorne armed with eighteen long 9 pounders and with a crew of 140 men, on a cruise from Marblehead on 31 October 1812 and recaptured the brig Friendship on 6 November. On 21 May 1813, Tenedos & Curlew captured the American privateer schooner Enterprise belonging to Salem, New Hampshire. The prize was returning from a 4 month cruise off the coast of Brazil during which she had made no captures. She was pierced for eighteen guns, but had only four mounted, and had a crew of 91 men. In December 1819 Curlew, Capt. WALPOLE, came under the orders of Capt. COLLIER in Liverpool, as part of an combined naval and military expedition against pirates in the Persian Gulf. They anchored off Ras-al-Khyma on 2nd. December and two days later debarked the troops, Curlew stood in near the shore and opened her fire on the town. When it was found that 12 and 18 pounders produced no effect on the walls, three 24 pounders were landed from Liverpool on the 8th and the following day the troops were able to enter a deserted town. Capt. WALPOLE brought home the prize ship, Seringapatam, of 46 guns.

An American privateer, the 18 gun sloop Curlew, captured by Acasta (48 gun frigate) in 1814 off Spithead bound for the East Indies. She was renamed Columbia and served in the Royal Navy until decommissioned at Chatham in 1816. She was sold in 1820

Curlew, built at Woolwich in 1829 as a 10 gun 'Cherokee' class Brig-sloop. In 1830 she dispatched to the Cape of Good Hope. On 4 June 1833 Curlew discovered the pirate ship Panda in the River Nazereth on the African coast. Panda, a Baltimore clipper, was wanted for the sack and attempted burning of the Salem ship Mexican on 20th. September 1832. Capt. TROTTER went in with 40 men in three boats and boarded Pander but most of the pirates escaped ashore where they were captured by a native chief. Twelve of the pirates were taken back to Curlew in irons. Panda was destroyed by an accidental explosion which killed the Purser, Gunner and two of her seamen and a boy from Curlew.
The captured pirates were sent to Massachusetts were they were tried in Boston on 11 November 1834 and on 11 June 1835 five of them, the master and four seamen, were hanged. Curlew operated round the Cape of Good Hope and Coast of Africa, before dispatching to South America in 1840, where the Fathe Elasmo and Zaruga were taken on 19th. and 21st. March and the Dom Pedro & Duque De Porto on 26th. March 1840. Curlew returned to Portsmouth in 1844 after being "out" for 14 years and paid off in 1848.

The next Curlew was a revenue ship (1848 to 1850) of 9 guns. She was followed by a Sloop/steam (wooden screw) Curlew of 9 guns (1854 to 1865). The wooden screw sloop Curlew (second in line) in the Thames River, passing through the Tower Bridge. Curlew, (9 guns) was built at Deptford in 1854 & served on the Mediterranean Station (and Black Sea during the Russian War) returning to Davenport in 1860. She then stationed in South America (South East Coast) from 1861 to 1865, thence sold to C. Marshall for breaking up at Plymouth.

Extract from the London Times Newspaper 14th. December 1854:

On Tuesday morning a large number of volunteers for ships stationed in the Black Sea, the screw steam corvettes Esk, Curlew, and Tartar, and for the steam troopship Perseverance, fitting out for the Mediterranean at Woolwich, Chatham, and Portsmouth, were draughted from Her Majesty's ship Crocodile, receiving-ship, off the Tower, to the abovementioned posts.

Pirate sloop-o-war Curlew

Captain Jack Rackham was nicknamed "Calico Jack" because of the calico britches and coat that he usually wore. He was not one of the most infamous pirates in history, but is better known because of his connection to the two famous female pirates, Anne Bonny and Mary Read. Rackham is first mentioned in pirate history as the quartermaster of the pirate ship Treasure in 1717 under the captain, Charles Vane. Rackham later deposed Vane as captain of the ship after Vane was ruled incompetent by the other crewmembers for neglecting to attack a French ship which seemed promising. Rackham then sailed to a small deserted isle for some rest. While at the island 2 sloops from Jamaica surprised Rackham and his ship was seized. Rackham found his way to Providence Island where he asked for a pardon from Governor Rogers. He was granted his pardon in May 1719. It was while he was at Providence Island that he met Anne Bonny who was the wife of James Bonny. Calico Jack is best known for his relationship with Anne Bonny, whom he stole away (willingly) from her wastrel husband. Rackham and Bonny along with others stole a sloop-o-war called Curlew, in late 1719. The pirates sailed between Haiti and Bermuda taking several small ships. They fought side by side in battle, and eventually he turned over control of the ship to the two women, Anne Bonny and Mary Read. In late October, 1720, off the coast of Jamaica, a British Navy sloop, commanded by a Captain Barnet, came across Rackham's anchored ship. The pirate sloop, Curlew, shuddered convulsively under the tremendous volleys of cannon fire. Smoke billowed from the creaking deck a twenty-foot section of the main mast cracked under a direct hit and crashed into the sea, sinking the once dreaded skull and crossbones of the black flag. Cannonballs, falling short of the ship, sprayed the already slippery deck with seawater, creating treacherous footing. Small fires flared and crackled everywhere, consuming bits of wooden barrels, ropes, and deck that had so far escaped the drenching sea. The pandemonium was deafening shrill screams and curses from wounded, frightened men punctuated the air between the shattering thunderclaps of the cannons. Ship timbers snapped explosively. Calico Jack and his drunken crew, unprepared for the ferocious onslaught, scrambled into the lower hold of the ship and hid, cringing, beside the bulwarks. The only resistance the pirates put up was offered by Anne and Mary. Rackham and his crew were tried along with Anne Bonny and Mary Read in November, 1720. All were convicted and sentenced to hang. Read and Bonny were spared their lives as they were both pregnant to Rackham, but were hanged after the births of their babies. Rackham was hanged on November 28th. 1720.


Contents

North Atlantic operations [ edit ]

Clearing Boston, Massachusetts on 5 April 1919, Curlew arrived at Inverness, Scotland on 20 April and was fitted out for experimental minesweeping out of Kirkwall, the Orkney Islands base for operations in the North Sea minefields. She sailed for home on 2 October, calling at Chatham, England Brest, France Lisbon, Portugal the Azores and Bermuda, and reaching New York on 19 November. Arriving at Portsmouth Navy Yard on 26 November, she was placed in ordinary on 16 November 1920 without a crew.

East Coast operations [ edit ]

In commission from 29 December 1920 – 7 February 1921, Curlew served with the Atlantic Fleet, then returned to reserve at Portsmouth. Recommissioned on 29 October, she cruised to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, in the first four months of 1922 to give support to the ships training there, then sailed north to New London to serve as submarine tender until September. From September 1922 – February 1923, she operated with submarines in Chesapeake Bay and off the Virginia coast.

Reassigned to the 15th Naval District, Curlew reported at Coco Solo, Panama Canal Zone on 6 August. Besides acting as tender for seaplanes, she carried out rescue and salvage operations from Coco Solo.

Fate [ edit ]

On 15 December 1925, Curlew grounded on the rocks at Point Mosquitos, Panama. Determined efforts were made to save her, but the heavy surf broke her to pieces. Curlew was decommissioned on 28 February 1926, after all salvageable material was removed.


Curlew- AM-8 - History

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Curlew- AM-8 - History

1904 FERRY COUNTY HISTORY

Curlew is a small village situated twenty miles north of Republic, on the Washington & Great Northern and Kettle Valley railroads. It is also on Kettle River and Curlew Creek, the latter emptying into Kettle River at this point.

Many years prior to the advent of white men in the Colville reservation, the Indians operated a flat-boat ferry at this place. Starting their craft at a point above the eddy of the Kettle river, the red men would allow their boat to be carried down stream, and at a convenient spot, by the use of paddles, would dexterously swing the boat to the desired landing. Beyond a doubt it was due to the fact of the location of the old ferry here that the site was selected for a town. In the autumn of 1896, a few months following the opening of the "North Half" of the reservation to mineral entry, G. S. HELPHRY, a Spokane real estate dealer, and Mr. WALTERS, a merchant of Davenport, Lincoln county, Washington, rented a log cabin from an Indian on the present site of the town and established here a general mercantile store. Their stock of goods at first was limited but the rush of prospectors to the reservation contributed to the upbuilding of a good business. From this store and others which were opened in the new town later, merchandise was supplied to the prospectors on Eureka Creek where is now the town of Republic and to other prospectors' camps in the vicinity. Mr. WALTERS later disposed of his interest in the store to Mr. HELPHRY's brother in the east, and the pioneer business house of Curlew is now conducted under the firm name of HELPHRY Brothers.

In the spring of 1897, the first building was erected in the new town. This was put up by C. H. LEWIS, who opened an eating house, and who has been engaged in the hotel business at Curlew ever since. During the year, a cable ferry was constructed across the Kettle river to replace the flat boat formerly operated by the Indians. This ferry remained in use until 1901, when a substantial bridge was thrown across the river at this point. In the early days of the town's history, the mail was distributed from Curlew by means of a "private" postoffice, the mail being brought down from Nelson, the nearest office. In 1898, however, the citizens succeeded in securing the establishment of a regular postoffice, at Curlew, and G. S. HELPHRY, the pioneer merchant, was made the first postmaster. This gentleman has continued to hold the office ever since.

Curlew has suffered but one loss by fire. In the fall of 1903, six buildings in the town burned, causing a loss of about $3,000. During the year 1902, owing to the construction of the two railroads, Curlew enjoyed most prosperous times and many new business enterprises were placed afoot. The town gained a population of several hundred people at present the inhabitants number about two hundred. Here are located two general stores, a gentlemen's furnishing and dry goods store, two livery stables, two saloons, a hotel and several other business houses. There is also a saw mill, but it is at present idle. In the vicinity of Curlew are Ferry county's richest agricultural lands. Along the small streams tributary to the Kettle river, near the town, are many fertile ranches which add materially to the prosperity of Curlew. A valuable mineral belt is located in the country about Curlew, and within this area are a number of promising prospects. The Drummer mine is the principal property in this vicinity, and considerable development work has been done upon it.

The land upon which Curlew is located has never been patented, consequently no townsite has ever been platted. For some time the property has been in litigation, and the case has been appealed from the Spokane land office and is at present awaiting decision from the United States Interior Department. From Curlew the Great Northern Railway Company has surveyed an extension to the coast, and doubtless some day this line will be constructed as proposed. The fight of way from Curlew to Midway, B. C., has been secured.


Fascinating facts you (probably) didn’t know about curlews

Writer, producer and conservationist Mary Colwell reveals amazing facts about the world's curlews.

This competition is now closed

Where does the curlew get its name from?

The genus name Numenius refers to the curlew’s bill. Numenius comes from two Greek words, ‘neos’ meaning new and ‘mene’ for moon. This creates ‘of the new moon’, alluding to the crescent-shaped of the bill.

The Eurasian curlew’s species names also refers to the shape of its bill, as arquata is the Latin word for the archery bow.

How many species of curlew are there?

There are eight species of curlew, two of which could possibly be extinct – the Eskimo curlew (N.borealis) and slender-billed curlew (N.tenuirostris).

Of the remaining six species:

  • the far eastern curlew (N.madagascariensis) is listed as Endangered – numbers in Australia have dropped by 80 per cent in the past 30 years
  • the bristle-thighed curlew (N.tahiteiensis) is listed as Vulnerable – there are only around 7000 individuals left
  • the Eurasian curlew (N.arquata) is listed as Near Threatened – this is the same category as jaguars!

Why is the Eskimo curlew thought to be extinct?

The Eskimo curlew (N.borealis), also known as the northern curlew, prairie pigeon or doe-bird, was once one of the most numerous shorebirds in North America. It has not been sighted since the 1980s, and is thought to be possibly extinct.

At one point, two million were killed each year by hunters.

How does the curlew use its bill to find food?

The end of a curlew’s bill is sensitive and acts independently, acting like tweezers which enables it to feel around in the mud for prey.

The bill has a lot of strengthening structures inside it to prevent it from breaking. However, this does mean that it can’t put its tongue down the bill to help grab and swallow.

To compensate for this, curlews are very adept at throwing their prey up in the air before catching and eating it.

Why did people used to eat curlew?

Eurasian curlews (N.arquata) used to be eaten, and appeared in several recipe books. They were once served to King James I in a feast, and were so common in Cornwall they were served in pies.

In fact, up until 1942, you could still buy curlews in UK butchers.

Which species of curlew can be found in the UK?

Two species of curlew can be found in the UK – Eurasian curlew (N.arquata) and whimbrel (N.phaeopus). Although occasionally a Hudsonian whimbrel (N.p.hudsonicus), a subspecies of the whimbrel, does turn up.

How to tell the difference between curlews and whimbrels

Both birds are large, brown waders with long, downcurved bills. Distinguishing them can be tricky, but if you’ve got a good view and know what you’re looking for, it shouldn’t be too hard.

The UK has up to a third of the world breeding population of Eurasian curlews.

How to identify male and female curlews

It is almost impossible to tell between male and female Eurasian curlews, because they look identical. The only way to tell them apart is to check the bill length, as female curlews have a slightly longer bill.

However, even this can lead to inaccuracies, as the lengths can still vary. It is generally possible to tell between the male and female in a mating pair though.

Are curlew sandpipers and stone curlews actually curlews?

Although they have the word curlew in their English names, curlew sandpipers (Calidris ferruginea) and stone curlews (Burhinus oedicnemus) are not actually curlews!

Main image: The Eurasian curlew is listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List. © Arterra/UIG/Getty

Mary Colwell walked 500 miles in spring 2016 to find out why the Eurasian curlew is disappearing.


Explore this site to find out about my work to save curlews, articles, radio, TV and internet productions, campaign for a GCSE in Natural History, my books, talks and my blog.

I am a producer and writer interested in all aspects of the natural world. I am particularly drawn to the complex and shifting interface between wildlife and society, where the most inspiring and difficult issues lie.

Mary Colwell with Andy Clements, head of BTO, recently took part in the Highgrove Curlew Summit hosted by the Prince of Wales in February 2020.

Curlew Action is a new charity I set up to fundraise for projects to support conservation and nature in education. Please donate to help us. Thank you.

In March 2021 I was appointed Chair of the Curlew Recovery Partnership England, a DEFRA supported roundtable of organisations charged with recovering curlews, their landscapes and associated wildlife.

I am also Chair of the Steering Group and a trustee of New Networks for Nature, an alliance of scientists, conservationists and artists.

Each year we hold a yearly conference, Nature Matters, that brings many creatives together to celebrate nature through different lenses. Expect art, music, poetry, drama, science and debate.

I am leading the campaign for a GCSE in Natural History and recently provided the text for Professor Dasgupta’s review on the contribution nature makes to global economics. You can read the full report here.

The education section of the Dasgupta Review is taken directly from my submission, the full text is available here.

Receiving the BTO Dilys Breese Award - Mall Galleries, London

2019 - WWT Marsh Award for Wetland Conservation, held at the WWT London Wetland Centre

2017 - BTO Dilys Breese Medal for outstanding Communication in Science.

2009 - Sony Radio Academy Gold Award for best internet programme

2007 - Garden Writers Guild Award for best radio programme

RECENT ARTICLES

The Guardian - April 2020 Article on the GCSE in Natural History,

The Tablet - May 2020, Listen to the Singing Planet.

Red 67, A book on endangered birds in the UK, February 2020, Curlew

Countryman Magazine - April 2020, Re-wild the Child

The Tablet, July 2019, on climate change.

The Tablet, The Cry of the Earth, May 2019

BBC Wildlife Magazine, March 2019, on a GCSE in Natural History

Shooting Times - The Winds of Change, Feb 2019

Birdwatch Magazine on Curlew decline, Feb 2019

Countryman Magazine - The Nature of Creativity, Feb 2019. As we lose nature are we losing a primary source of inspiration?

Shooting Times - End Game for Curlew. July 2018

The Guardian - The Bloody Truth About Conservation, 28 May 2018 - are we honest about how culling for conservation?

In 2016, I walked 500 miles across Ireland and the UK to find out more about the relentless decline of one of our most loved birds, the Curlew. Curlew Moon (Harper Collins 2018) describes the journey and what I discovered.

In 2017, I walked the spectacular John Muir Trail - 230 miles through the Sierra Nevada mountains in California - a solo backpacking trip of a life time. I wanted to understand more about my conservation hero - John Muir, get close to his heart and inspiration. I wrote the only British biography, which was published by Lion Hudson in 2014.

I am delighted to announce Beak, Tooth and Claw, Living with predators in Britain, will be published on April 29th, 2021


Conservation

Long-billed Curlews are uncommon but their populations were steady from 1966 to 2015, according to the North American Breeding Bird Survey. Partners in Flight estimate the global breeding population at 140,000 individuals. The species rates a 12 out of 20 on the Continental Concern Score, which means it is not on the Partners in Flight Watch List and is a species of low conservation concern. Long-billed Curlews were much more numerous in the nineteenth century and bred over a much larger area including parts of Michigan, Illinois, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Texas, and Arizona. Populations were extirpated in these regions due to hunting and conversion of their grassland breeding habitat to agriculture prior to 1900. Long-billed Curlews also used to be common along the Atlantic coast in winter, but now rarely occur there. The major continuing threat to Long-billed Curlews is habitat loss owing both to development and projected effects of climate change. For example, more than 75% of Canadian native grasslands are gone, and wintering habitat in California wetlands has declined by 90%. Pesticide spraying may harm curlews indirectly by reducing the birds' food supplies, particularly grasshoppers.


Snowville History

Rabbits, thousands of them, were the chief troublemakers in early Snowville history. Other localities in the pioneer west had their cricket invasions, as did Snowville in 1877. Rabbits, however, were the chief pest both in 1877 and 1879. Crop destruction during these years caused such a crisis that there were some who advocated breaking up the settlement in 1880 on the grounds that people could not make a living there. Had the movement to give up the town succeeded, Snowville's ten-year history of difficult frontier problems and sacrifices on the part of its settlers may never have reached further attention. But there were many who had faith in Snowville's future. They stuck to their lands, undaunted by nature and rabbits, and they finally began to harvest some sizeable crops. Their town, though still not large, has farms and homes that are secure because of the land's productiveness.

Snowville, about three miles south of the Idaho border in Box Elder County, is the center of farming and dairying activities in the Curlew Valley. This valley extends approximately forty-two miles from southern Idaho to the Great Salt Lake on the south. Snowville is on the east side of Curlew Valley and is separated from Park Valley on the west by a low spur of mountains extending from the Clear Creek Mountains in a southeasterly direction toward the Great Salt Lake.

Deep Creek, which occupies an important place in the history of Snowville and Curlew Valley, rises from springs twelve miles north of Snowville and sinks near Houtz Ranch seven miles to the southwest. Lorenzo Snow, then a member of the quorum of the Twelve of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints and later the Church's fifth president, prophesied that Deep Creek would be an "everlasting stream whose water should never diminish, and one from which many should come to drink." Even in parched years, Deep Creek never lowered.

In 1870 the first settlers came to the Curlew Valley from Malad, Idaho, and settled near the present site of Snowville on Deep Creek. The settlement got a shot in the arm on May 12, 1876, when Arnold Goodliffe arrived to "take charge" of the few families there, under instruction from Lorenzo Snow. The history of the next thirty years was pretty well built around Goodliffe who seemed to be a first-rate colonizer. Upon arrival, he promptly took over the spiritual and temporal direction of his small flock.

Many people have wondered, and still do, if the community received its name because of its climate, since temperatures have dropped to 40 degrees below zero in the winter. But the brethren wanted to honor Lorenzo Snow who had been almost like a godfather to the community. They probably had no thought of winter when they selected a name.

A log house, 26 X 20 feet, was dedicated on April 22, 1877, as a combination school and meetinghouse. Logs for the building had been hauled in from the Black Pine Mountains, thirty miles to the northwest. The town changed its location on October 24, 1878, from the west side of Deep Creek to the east side where the present town site was surveyed and lots were issued to the citizens. Another milestone was reached in 1887 when the first rock schoolhouse was built.

Another disastrous date in Snowville's history which ranks in importance with the rabbit invasion in 1879, was March 12, 1934, when a series of earthquakes centered around the north end of Great Salt Lake caused considerable damage in Snowville. The meetinghouse, the public school building, and a number of homes were damaged.

The town was incorporated November 6, 1933. Hard surfaced roads came to the community on November 15 of that same year. The community now had a telephone system, electric power, culinary water system, a post office, service station and convenience store, eating establishments, R. V. campground, motel, park, an international fish food-processing manufacturing company, and a beautiful all-brick L.D.S. church house.

Students from grades 6 through 12 are transported 40 miles by bus to schools in Tremonton. The last population census taken in 1989 reports 251 people living in Snowville. Many of them now have employment elsewhere, such as the Black Pine Mine ten miles west, and Thiokol Corporation, thirty miles to the east.


You've only scratched the surface of Curlew family history.

Between 1964 and 2002, in the United States, Curlew life expectancy was at its lowest point in 1979, and highest in 1997. The average life expectancy for Curlew in 1964 was 64, and 80 in 2002.

An unusually short lifespan might indicate that your Curlew ancestors lived in harsh conditions. A short lifespan might also indicate health problems that were once prevalent in your family. The SSDI is a searchable database of more than 70 million names. You can find birthdates, death dates, addresses and more.


Watch the video: 237. - Ν αναστενάξω μάναμ δε μ ακούς (November 2021).