Military of Ceará (1897-1967). First President of the Republic of the Military Regime of 1964.
Humberto de Alencar de Castello Branco (20/9 / 1897-18 / 7/1967) is born in Fortaleza, the son of a military man, and goes to the city of Mecejana with his family shortly thereafter. He spends his childhood and youth between Recife, in Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, then Federal District, Teresina, Piauí, and São Luís do Maranhão, following his father's transfers. He moved to Rio Pardo, Rio Grande do Sul, in 1912, when his father's birth year changed to 1900 to study at the Military College of Porto Alegre. The practice is common at the time, since the maximum age to attend high school was 12 years. The only Ceará in the class, he has among his colleagues Arthur da Costa e Silva, to whom he transfers power when he leaves the Presidency of the Republic. Reaches general and army chief of staff during the João Goulart administration. He is retired at the post of marshal when the president falls. Elected president by Congress, assumes office on April 11, 1964. Backed by Institutional Act No. 1, cassates political mandates and rights - such as those of former President Juscelino Kubitschek - suspends constitutional guarantees, dissolves parties, ends elections direct to executive positions and intervenes in unions and civil associations. On March 15, 1967, he handed over power to General Costa e Silva, his army minister. Four months later he died in an air disaster in Ceará.