Eye of Horus
The eye of Horus is one of the most famous symbols of ancient Egyptian civilization. It has been recognized symbols of royal power, protection, good health, rejuvenation, and victory. It is also known as Wadjet, Wedjat or Udjat, which wasn’t meant to be confused with the Eye of Ra which represented many of the same concepts. The eye of Horus was used as by both the living and the dead as a funerary amulet for its powerful protective powers as many ancient Egyptian sailors would paint the symbol on their ship to ensure a safe sea journey.
Horus, the sky God was the son of Isis and Osiris. The latter was killed by Seth, the God of violence and chaos.
Isis was left in agony but was determined to retrieve the 14 body parts of her husband that were cut by Seth.
She managed to do so and asked Thoth, Anubis and Nephthys to help resurrect him. Osiris came back to life but Seth heard of his resurrection and killed him a second time.
Isis, hid her pregnancy from the terrible God and gave birth to Horus who later wanted to avenge his father’s death.
During one of their battles, Seth hurt Horus, took his eye and tore it into six pieces. Thoth, the God of writing and magic with the help of Hathor healed Horus.
The latter defeated Seth in a final battle.
The legend of the Eye of Horus was born.
41. The Eye of Horus in History, Nature, Art and Music
The Eye of Horus, also known as wadjet, wedjat or udjat, is an ancient Egyptian symbol of Super Learning, Work and Health. The Eye of Horus is similar to the Eye of Ra, which belongs to a different god, Ra, but represents many of the same concepts.
Funerary amulets were often made in the shape of the Eye of Horus. The Eye of Horus is “the central element” of seven “gold, faience, carnelian and lapis lazuli” bracelets found on the mummy of Shoshenq II. The Wedjat “was intended to protect the pharaoh [here] in the afterlife” and to ward off evil. Ancient Egyptian and Middle-Eastern sailors would frequently paint the symbol on the bow of their vessel to ensure safe sea travel.
Meaning: Also known as the Eye of Horus or the udjat, this eye is a symbol of the god Horus as both the son of Osiris and Isis and as the sun-god. Egyptian myths state that Horus lost his left eye in his war with Seth to avenge the death of his father. Seth tore the eye into pieces. The left eye, being the moon was discovered by Thoth (the god of wisdom and magic) lying in pieces, but he was able to reassemble them into the full moon. Each piece of the udjat (shown below) can be seen as representing a fraction of the descending geometric series 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, etc., put together they make 63/64 or approximately 1. Having been reassembled, Thoth gave the Eye to Horus. Horus, in turn, gave the eye to his murdered father Osiris, thereby bringing him back to life.
Together, the eyes represent the whole of the universe, a concept similar to that of the Taoist Yin-yang symbol. Spiritually, the right eye reflects solar, masculine energy, as well as reason and mathematics. The left eye reflects fluid, feminine, lunar energy, and rules intuition and magick. Together, they represent the combined,transcendent power of Horus.
The Eye of Horus – Healing Power and Protection
The symbol was used as a protective amulet and believed to have the power of healing power. According to Egyptian Mythology Horus lost his left eye in his war with Set who tore the eye into six pieces. Thoth, the god of wisdom and magic, was able to reassemble the eye and returned it to Horus. Horus gave the reassembled eye to his murdered father Osiris, thereby bringing him back to life. The symbol therefore represents the power of healing and was capable of bringing the dead to life, as it did with Osiris. The ancient Egyptians used the eye as a funerary amulet for protection against evil and to guide their rebirth in the underworld.
Thoth, god of Egypt
Discover the legends and myths and religious beliefs surrounding Thoth, the Egyptian god of knowledge, wisdom, the moon and magic. He the patron of scribes, writing and science. Thoth was considered the inventor of the hieroglyphics. The duties of the ibis-headed god Thoth included that of secretary of the sun god Ra and scribe of the Underworld. The god Khonsu was perceived as his mathematical counterpart and the goddess Seshat was his consort. Thoth is depicted as an ibis or as a human with the head of an ibis.
Who was Thoth
Thoth was the Egyptian ibis-headed god of knowledge, magic and wisdom. The ibis was used as a recognition aid and a device to visually convey the powers, identity and attributes of Thoth. An ibis is a large wading bird with a long slender down-curved bill, long neck, and long legs. Thoth is also connected with baboons who were guardians of the first gate of the underworld.
Thoth in Egyptian Mythology
Thoth, the Egyptian god of knowledge, featured in the stories, myths and legends in Egyptian Mythology. According to one myth Horus lost his left eye in his war with Set who tore the eye into six pieces. Thoth, the god of wisdom and magic, was able to reassemble the eye and return it to Horus who gave the reassembled eye to his murdered father Osiris, thereby bringing him back to life. He is associated with jackal-headed god Anubis at the ‘Weighing of the Heart’ and with the Seshat, his female counterpart and the goddess of writing and libraries. Thoth also plays an important role in the legend concerning the Tree of Life. He is sometimes referred to as the consort of Ma’at, the goddess of truth, justice, morality and balance.
The Role of Thoth
The attributes and accreditations given to Thoth, in his role as the god of knowledge and wisdom, were numerous and complex but included:
Lord of Wisdom
Inventor of Hieroglyphic Writing
Keeper of Records
Scribe of the gods and secretary of Ra
Arbitrator and Messenger of the gods
Master of passing time, the lunar cycle and the movement of the stars – the God of Chronology
Creator of the 365 day calendar.
The inventor of mathematics, astronomy and engineering
God of justice and “supreme judge”
Author of all works of science, religion, philosophy and magic
The Creator of spells and Lord of Magic
The profession of scribes was under his protection, as the writing of hieroglyphics was a sacred and magical act. Scribes were one of the most respected professions in ancient Egypt and Thoth was their patron, his image was present in their place of work and one of the symbols for scribes was the ibis refer to the article on Seshat for facts and information about the ancient Egyptian scribe.
The Library of Thoth
Thoth was believed to have created a great library of scrolls containing all of his knowledge and his magic spells. His books of magic contained ‘formulas which commanded all the forces of nature and subdued the very gods themselves’. His consort, Seshat the goddess of writing, was the “Mistress of the House of Books” indicating that she also took care of his great library of spells and scrolls. He was revered as the great teacher who taught mankind the art of writing and as a great magician.
Iconography – Thoth and the Ibis
Thoth is usually represented as an ibis (Threskiornis aethiopicus) or a man with the head of an ibis. As an ibis, Thoth often appears perched on a standard as on the relief at the temple at Kom Ombo. However, he most common representation of Thoth is as an ibis headed man, holding a reed pen and a scribe’s palette.
Thoth and Hermes – The Emerald Tablets of Thoth
Thoth and the Greek god Hermes were both gods of writing and of magic in their respective cultures and during the Greco-Roman Period (332 BC – 641 AD) the two gods were worshipped in what had been the Temple of Thoth in at Hermopolis. “The Emerald Tablets of Thoth” or the “Secret of Hermes” as the Hermetic Corpus was a table made of green stone that contained a series of sacred texts. These secret and sacred texts were believed to reveal the secret of life, the primordial and all other substances and provided the key to the ideas of the earth, fire, the sun and the moon. The Emerald Tablets of Thoth were believed to be a combination of the knowledge and wisdom of Hermes and Thoth in layers of cryptic meanings. The sacred texts contained in the Emerald Tablets of Thoth survived in eastern Byzantine libraries. Their re-discovery and translation into Latin during the late-fifteenth century was sought by European alchemists looking for the recipe for alchemical gold and the secrets of raising the consciousness to a new degree. The Emerald Tablets of Thoth became a core element in the foundation of alchemy and commentaries and/or translations were published by famous people including Roger Bacon, Aleister Crowley, Albertus Magnus, C.G. Jung and Isaac Newton.
Thoth and the Tree of Life
Thoth, the secretary of the sun god Ra and scribe of the Underworld, played an important role in the myths relating to the Tree of Life. The Tree of Life was believed to hold the Knowledge of the Divine Plan or the equivalent to a map of destiny which existed from when the world was created, marking the beginning of time. Thoth wrote the king’s name and the length of his reign on the Tree of Life which protected the ruler and perpetuated his name. Thoth and his counterpart Seshat were the guardians of the sacred hieroglyphs.
Picture of the Tree of Life
The picture of the Tree of Life depicts a scene from the tomb of Ramses II in which his name is recorded and inscribed on the leaves of the tree of life
The ever youthful figure pictured in the Tree of Life is the Pharaoh Ramses II, depicted with his symbols of kingship: crown, flail and scepter
The figure to the left is the ibis headed god Thoth who was the god of wisdom, magic, and the measurement, and regulation, of events, and of time. He was the secretary of the sun god Ra and scribe of the Underworld and inscribed the name of the Pharoah on the Tree of Life
The first god on the right of the picture is Ptah, the lord of truth and master of justice who was present at the ceremony of justification in the Hall of the Two Truths
The goddess on the right of the picture is Tefnut, the lion headed goddess of water, is often depicted on the coffins of the deceased pouring drink from a pitcher, to sustain the souls journeying through the Underworld. She was also one of the 42 judges present at the ceremony of justification
Mulberry Tree by Vincent van Gogh, 1889
Mulberry Tree, the Tree of Life
The mulberry tree, often called the Tree of Life is typically a fast growing bush-tree, and it will quickly take over a domain when happy. By association, mulberry tree people will expand, explore, seek, find and spread their wings to great lengths when living in the right environment.
Mulberries are such giving plants. They provide food for humans and animals alike. People connected to the mulberry tree meaning, will have the same tendency to give, provide, protect and nurture others around them.
In this same light, mulberries are natural magnets for all kinds of life. The lovely shade they provide and their delicious berries attract lots of interesting beings…from humans to birds to deer and more.
When connected to the mulberry tree, we can also attract lots of interesting people, nature, experiences, opportunities. Mulberry people will be quite fortunate, and can be like a vortex…calling to themselves who and what they needs.
This is largely due to the mulberry’s ability to remind us all about the understanding of give and take. The mulberry shows us that as we give, energy will be given to us as well. It is the Law of Reciprocation, and he will have an innate understanding about this.
Don’t think sorry’s easily said Don’t try, turnin’ tables instead You’ve taken lots of chances before But I ain’t gonna give anymore Don’t ask me That’s how it goes ‘Cause part of me knows what you’re thinkin’ Don’t say words you’re gonna regret Don’t let the fire rush to your head I’ve heard the accusation before And I ain’t gonna take any more
Believe me The sun in your eyes Made some of the lies worth believing I am the eye in the sky, looking at you I can read your mind I am the maker of rules, dealing with fools I can cheat you blind
And I don’t need to see any more To know that I can read your mind (Looking at you) I can read your mind (Looking at you) I can read your mind (Looking at you) I can read your mind a.s.o.
Eye in the Sky is the sixth studio album by English rock band The Alan Parsons Project, released in June 1982 by Arista Records.
Songs on this album are in a number of different styles, from cool and funky to lyrical and heavily orchestrated. The Hipgnosis-designed sleeve is green with an image of the Eye of Horus, which was gold-foil stamped for early pressings of the LP. It is variously reported as The Alan Parsons Project’s best-selling album, and was the last platinum record in the United States from the band (joining I Robot and The Turn of a Friendly Card).
Origin of the Eye of Horus
As the What&rsquos Your Diagnosis? case for the August 2014 issue of Infectious Diseases in Children gave a brief review of eye infections in babies, I thought we would &ldquolook&rdquo way back to the history of the Eye of Horus and its place in the history of medicine.
We previously discussed the origins of the Caduceus, and its importance in the symbolism of medicine. Likewise, the Eye of Horus has significance as well. In Egyptian mythology, about 3000 years BC, Horus was the God of the sky and war, who had the head of a falcon, along with falcon-like eyes (Figure 1, the left eye of Horus). Horus was the son of Isis, the goddess of health and love, and Osiris, the god of the afterlife. According to one popular legend, Osiris was murdered by his brother, Set (not sure why). However, the remains of Osiris was recovered by his wife, Isis, who used some magic to bring him back to life long enough to impregnate her with Horus before dying again. With the birth of Horus, Isis fled to hide in the weeds of the Nile, because she knew Set would want to also kill Horus (again, not sure why). Nonetheless, the two ultimately met to battle over Egypt a clash that was ultimately decided in favor of Horus by &ldquoThe Gods,&rdquo earning him the title of the &ldquoGod of War.&rdquo
Figure. The left eye of Horus
During the battle, Horus lost his left eye, but was restored by Khunsu, the god of youth and moon. His right eye came to represent the sun, and the left eye, the moon, which covered most of the &ldquosky&rdquo part of his title. Obviously, a lot more can be found, with variations on the same story in the literature, but that&rsquos the general depiction.
So, what does this have to do with medicine? As the eye was &ldquomagically&rdquo restored, it became the symbol of healing and sacrifice. Additionally, some liken it to the appearance of the sagittal view of the thalamus and pineal gland (drag out your old Gray&rsquos Anatomy). This magical left eye also resembles the letter &ldquoR,&rdquo which many believe is the root for the Rx symbol, while others believe the Rx to be the abbreviation for the latin word for &ldquoRecipe.&rdquo Perhaps it is both. You can decide for yourself, as you will not likely find proof one way or the other. But it&rsquos fun to imagine.
Next month, I thought we might look toward another controversial figure from the ancient world: Imhotep. In the meantime, stay cool and stay in touch.
It was invented as a sign of God’s compassionate watchfulness over humanity
Another key source of the icon was in a book of emblems called the Iconologia, published first in 1593. In later editions, the Eye of Providence was included as an attribute of the personification of ‘Divine Providence’, ie God’s benevolence. As the name of the symbol and its early usage suggest, it was invented as a sign of God’s compassionate watchfulness over humanity.
Building on the past
Nobody is certain who originally invented it, but whoever did crafted it out of a set of previously existing religious motifs. The triangle was a long-standing symbol of the Christian Trinity of Father, Son and Holy Spirit sometimes in previous centuries God was even depicted with a triangular halo. The rays of light that are often shown emanating from the symbol are also a pre-existing sign of God’s radiance in Christian iconography. But what are the origins of that eerie disembodied eye? God had been depicted in numerous cryptic ways before, such as by a single hand emerging from a cloud, but not as an eye.
In the Book of Hours, God is depicted with a triangular halo, referring to the Christian Trinity of Father, Son and Holy Spirit (Credit: University of Basel)
It’s fair to say that an eye represented in isolation has its own inherent psychological impact, showing authority and for the viewer implying a sentient watchfulness. You can even see this effect in nature, with some animals having evolved ‘eyespots’ on their skin to scare off predators. The Surrealist photographer Man Ray summarised the uncanniness of the disembodied eye best when he said that René Magritte’s The False Mirror of 1929 “sees as much as it itself is seen.”
The eye fascinated Surrealists, with its threshold position between the inner self and the external world – shown here in Magritte’s The False Mirror (1929) (Credit: Alamy)
But there is a deeper history to the eye as a symbol to consider – one that takes us back to the earliest known religions. In the third millennium BCE, the Sumerians conveyed the holiness of certain sculptures by abnormally enlarging their eyes to enhance the sensation of dutiful watchfulness. They even held ceremonies in which artists brought the sculptures to life by ‘opening’ the figures’ eyes.
The Sumerians used abnormally large eyes to convey the holiness of divine figures (Credit: Metropolitan Museum of Art)
But it was the ancient Egyptians who were the originators of the detached eye as a motif: for example, a pair of eyes painted on a coffin that allowed the dead to see in the afterlife. And one of the most famous of all Egyptian symbols is the Eye of Horus.
This motif is actually a hybrid of a human and falcon eye, and it includes the bird’s dark eyebrow and cheek markings. According to ancient Egyptian mythology, the god-King Horus (often depicted as a falcon, or with a falcon’s head) had his eyes cut out in battle with his uncle Set. With the help of Thoth, he later healed his eyes. The Eye of Horus was therefore a protective symbol, often used as an amulet, a sculpture small enough for a person to carry in their pocket as a form of protection.
The Eye of Horus – a hybrid of a human and falcon eye – was carried as a form of protection (Credit: Alamy)
This and other Egyptian hieroglyphs of isolated human eyes went on to affect European iconography during the Renaissance. At that time, scholars and artists had a fascination with Egyptian writing the only problem was that they didn’t fully understand it, and attempted translations were normally riddled with inaccuracies. One of the most famous appeared in a romance of 1499 titled The Dream of Poliphilo where the translation of an Egyptian single eye symbol was ‘God’.
Lost in translation
This stemmed from a fundamental misunderstanding of hieroglyphics’ original use. Nowadays we know that they are a written language of mainly phonetic signs, but in the 1400s and 1500s they were believed to have a much more mystical significance. The symbols in hieroglyphic writing – animals, birds and abstract shapes – were thought to be deliberately mysterious, each one creating meaning through the inspiration of the viewer rather than being part of a linguistic system. They were, so it was believed, open puzzles that contained multiple meanings.
Where does Eye of Horus come from?
References to the Eye of Horus started to appear in English texts about ancient Egypt by at least the mid-1800s. In ancient Egyptian myth, Horus was a powerful sky god in the form of a falcon whose right eye was the sun and left eye was the moon. He lost his left eye in a fight with Seth, another god, who murdered Horus’s father, Osiris. In one version of the story, the goddess Hathor restored Horus’s eye, which Horus then offered to the slain Osiris, bringing him back to life.
Based on this myth, the Eye of Horus became a sacred symbol of regeneration, healing, protection, wholeness, and sacrifice in ancient Egypt. It was often fashioned into amulets to provide safety for wearers or carved into funerary monuments to offer the souls of the dead safe passage to the afterlife. The eye was also used for fractional calculations and as a hieroglyph.
As a symbol, the Eye of Horus features a prominent eyebrow and markings that some historians think were stylized after the actual eyes of falcons or hawks, Horus’s totemic birds. Amulets in the shape of the Eye of Horus date back to at least 3000 b.c. They were often crafted from a blue-green ceramic called faience and were sometimes called wedjat eyes, a word that may come from the Egyptian for “made whole,” which is fitting for the Horus eye.
The ancient Egyptian Eye of Ra, which some identify as Horus’s right eye, is closely related symbol in design and meaning.
In 21st century, the Eye of Horus has sometimes been mistaken as the Eye of Providence or the All-Seeing Eye, notably featured in the capstone of the pyramid on the back of US one-dollar bills. Some consider this eye a satanic symbol or connect it to Illuminati conspiracy theories.
Importance of Horus in Ancient Egypt
Horus claiming his birth right, i.e. the throne, meant that he became the first pharaoh of Egypt. And from then onwards future Pharaohs of ancient Egypt would go on to be revered as the human manifestation of the god Horus himself. This practice started during the era of the First Dynastic pharaohs of Egypt.
Divine pharaohs, like Horus, were worshiped as people who brought order to a world that was once turbulent. They had the power to vanquish over and over again the chaos from agents of Set. Therefore, while the pharaoh was alive, the Egyptians regarded him/her as the reincarnation of Horus, and when the pharaoh died, he/she went on to become Osiris, the Lord of the Underworld.
The Egyptians believed that this god and the pharaohs were the shield that protected the land of Egypt from evil spirits and foreign invaders.
In simple terms, Horus was seen as a deity that enforced the principles of Ma’at – law and order. This made him and his places of worship very important facets of the Egyptian society.
As a result his association with the Four Sons of Horus – gods that protected the organs of a deceased person – Horus was also played a vital role in the afterlife. Thus his role was not only confided to the land of the living.
The Dogon Tribe and Atlantis
In 1971, the American author Robert Temple published a controversial book entitled The Sirius Mystery where he claimed that the Dogons (an ancient African tribe from Mali) knew details about Sirius that would be impossible to know without the use of telescopes (You’d need one like the Orion here to make this possible). According to him, the Dogon understood the binary nature of Sirius, which is, in fact, composed of two stars named Sirius A and Sirius B. This lead Robert Temple to believe that the Dogons had “direct” connections with beings from Sirius. While some might say “you can’t be Sirius” (sorry), a great number of secret societies (who have historically held within their ranks some of the world’s most influential people) and belief systems teach about a mystic connection between Sirius and humanity.
In Dogon mythology, humanity is said to be born from the Nommo, a race of amphibians who were inhabitants of a planet circling Sirius. They are said to have “descended from the sky in a vessel accompanied by fire and thunder” and imparted to humans profound knowledge. This lead Robert Temple to theorize that the Nommos were extraterrestrial inhabitants of Sirius who traveled to earth at some point in the distant past to teach ancient civilizations (such as the Egyptians and Dogons) about the Sirius star system as well as our own solar system. These civilizations would then record the Nommos’ teachings in their religions and make them a central focus of their Mysteries.
The Dogon’s mythology system is strikingly similar to the ones of other civilizations such as the Sumerians, Egyptians, Israelites, and Babylonians as it includes the archetypal myth of a “great teacher from above”. Depending on the civilization, this great teacher is known as Enoch, Thoth or Hermes Trismegistus and is said to have taught humanity theurgic sciences. In occult traditions, it is believed that Thoth-Hermes had taught the people of Atlantis, which, according to legend, became the world’s most advanced civilization before the entire continent was submerged by the Great Deluge (accounts of a flood can be found in the mythologies of countless civilizations). Survivors from Atlantis traveled by boat to several countries, including Egypt, where they imparted their advanced knowledge. Occultists believe that the inexplicable resemblances between distant civilizations (such as the Mayas and the Egyptians) can be explained by their common contact with Atlanteans.
“Was the religious, philosophic, and scientific knowledge possessed by the priestcrafts of antiquity secured from Atlantis, whose submergence obliterated every vestige of its part in the drama of world progress? Atlantean sun worship has been perpetuated in the ritualism and ceremonialism of both Christianity and pagandom. Both the cross and the serpent were Atlantean emblems of divine wisdom. The divine (Atlantean) progenitors of the Mayas and Quichés of Central America coexisted within the green and azure radiance of Gucumatz, the “plumed” serpent. The six sky-born sages came into manifestation as centers of light bound together or synthesized by the seventh – and chief – of their order, the “feathered” snake. The title of “winged” or “plumed” snake was applied to Quetzalcoatl, or Kukulcan, the Central American initiate. The center of the Atlantean Wisdom-Religion was presumably a great pyramidal temple standing on the brow of a plateau rising in the midst of the City of the Golden Gates. From here the Initiate-Priests of the Sacred Feather went forth, carrying the keys of Universal Wisdom to the uttermost parts of the earth.
From the Atlanteans the world has received not only the heritage of arts and crafts, philosophies and sciences, ethics and religions, but also the heritage of hate, strife, and perversion. The Atlanteans instigated the first war and it has been said that all subsequent wars were fought in a fruitless effort to justify the first one and right the wrong which it caused. Before Atlantis sank, its spiritually illumined Initiates, who realized that their land was doomed because it had departed from the Path of Light, withdrew from the ill-fated continent. Carrying with them the sacred and secret doctrine, these Atlanteans established themselves in Egypt, where they became its first “divine” rulers. Nearly all the great cosmologic myths forming the foundation of the various sacred books of the world are based upon the Atlantean Mystery rituals.” [3. Manly P. Hall, The Secret Teachings of All Ages]
Is Thoth-Hermes-Trismegistus the equivalent of the Dogon’s Nommos, who are believed to originate from Sirius? Ancient texts concerning Hermes describe him as a teacher of mysteries who “came from the stars”. Furthermore, Thoth-Hermes was directly connected with Sirius in Egyptian mythology.
“The dog-star: the star worshipped in Egypt and reverenced by the Occultists by the former because its heliacal rising with the Sun was a sign of the beneficient inundation of the Nile, and by the latter because it is mysteriously associated with Toth-Hermes, god of wisdom, and Mercury, in another form. Thus Sothis-Sirius had, and still has, a mystic and direct influence over the whole living heaven, and is connected with almost every god and goddess. It was “Isis in the heaven” and called Isis-Sothis, for Isis was “in the constellation of the dog”, as is declared on her monuments. Being connected with the Pyramid, Sirius was, therefore, connected with the initiations which took place in it.” [4. Helena Blavatsky, Theosophical Glossary]
“The Trismegistic treatise ‘The Virgin of the World’ from Egypt refers to ‘the Black Rite’, connected with the ‘black’ Osiris, as the highest degree of secret initiation possible in the ancient Egyptian religion – it is the ultimate secret of the mysteries of Isis. This treatise says Hermes came to earth to teach men civilization and then again ‘mounted to the stars’, going back to his home and leaving behind the mystery religion of Egypt with its celestial secrets which were some day to be decoded.” [5. Robert Temple, The Sirius Mystery]
Interpreting the mythology of ancient cultures is not an exact science and connections are inherently difficult to prove. However, the symbolic link between Sirius and occult knowledge has constantly appeared throughout History and has seamlessly traveled through the ages. In fact, it is as revered today as it was millenniums ago. Modern secret societies such as the Freemasons, the Rosicrucians and the Golden Dawn (which are considered to be Hermetic Orders due to the fact their teachings are based on those of Hermes Trismegistus) all attribute to Sirius the utmost importance. An educated look at their symbolism provides a glimpse at the profound connection between Sirius and occult philosophy.
Eye of Horus
The ancients believed that the eyes have the power to cast spells with a single glance. They also believed that the effects of the evil eye can be defeated by the “good eye”. These beliefs paved the way for the myths about Horus to be embraced by ancient Egyptians.
The Eye of Horus became the most popular ancient Egyptian eye symbol associated with good health, protection, and royal power. In ancient Egypt, the Eye of Horus was just as popular and used as frequently as the Eye of Ra. Both Egyptian Eye symbols stand for the powerful “all-seeing-eye” in ancient Egyptian beliefs and are often used interchangeably, but are actually two distinct symbols that are based on two different legends for two different gods. While the Eye of Ra belonged to the sun god Ra and was based on a legend of fury, hate, violence and destruction, the Eye of Horus wes based on a legend of healing and regeneration.
The Stories Behind the Symbol
Both legends of the Egyptian gods Horus and Ra have varying versions, with many details rendered unclear as a result. Horus was a mighty god associated with the heavens. He was the son of the Egyptian Lord of the Underworld, Osiris and his sister-wife Isis, the goddess of life and magic. In the most widely accepted version of the legend behind the Horus symbol, it is said that Osiris was killed and mutilated by Seth, his own brother, himself the god of fire, chaos, trickery, deserts, storms, disorder, envy, violence and foreigners. Isis thereafter gathered Osiris’ body parts and resurrected him just long enough for her to conceive his heir, Horus. Afterward, Osiris went on to become the god of the underworld.
Isis raised Horus on her own. When Horus came of age, he sought revenge against Seth and fought a series of legendary battles as to who would inherit the throne to the netherworld. It was in one of these battles that Seth lost his testicles and Horus lost his right eye when Seth tore it up into six pieces. Other versions of the legend say it was the left eye. Horus eventually won. The Egyptian god of the moon and also the wisest of the Egyptian gods Thoth restored Horus’ eye. In some versions, it was Horus’ known consort and goddess of joy and motherhood Hathor who restored his eye. This newly restored eye was then named Wadjet (or wedjat, udjat), meaning “healthy” or “whole”.
Different Meanings and Uses of the Eye of Horus in Ancient Egypt
The ancient Egyptians believed that Horus’ restored eye had healing powers. Then began the practice of making amulets of the Eye of Horus using various materials like gold, carnelian and lapis lazuli.
The symbol itself has six parts, each representing the six broken pieces of the damaged eye. Each part was assigned a fraction as a unit of measurement. In the ancient Egyptian measurement system, the Eye of Horus represented how parts of a whole are measured. Interestingly, they add up to 63/64, which itself symbolizes the fact that nothing is perfect.
Each of the six parts is also assigned to different senses. The eyebrow (1/8) represents thought. The pupil (1/4) represents sight. The left side (1/16) represents hearing and the right side (1/2) represents the sense of smell. The curved tail (1/32) represents the sense of taste and the stalk (1/64) represents touch.
How is the Eye of Horus Used Today?
The popularity of the Eye of Horus as a protective symbol continued way beyond the time of the ancient Egyptian civilizations. Today many people use this symbol in their jewelry to protect against the ill will of those around them. It is also a favorite subject in many paintings, posters, and other print arts. Fisherfolks and seafarers from Mediterranean countries paint the Eye of Horus on their vessels for protection. Many believe that the Eye of Horus is somewhat related to the Eye of Providence depicted in the US $1 bills which actually originated from Christian iconography. Some occultists like the Thelemites often depict the Eye of Horus within a triangle and interpret it as a symbol of elemental fire. Conspiracy theorists consider many eye symbols including the Eye of Horus and the Eye of Providence to be fundamentally the same – a symbol of illusion, power, manipulation, control of knowledge, information and subjugation and that they represent the real power behind many governments today, the infamously mysterious Illuminati organization. In today’s mainstream society, the belief in the Eye of Horus as a symbol of protection, health, sovereignty, and royalty is mostly evidenced by its popularity in jewelry design. Many people the world over remain fascinated by the legends behind the Horus symbol, wearing it with the same strong belief in the protection it offers. Eye of GodList of site sources >>>