Geography

Asia


It is the largest and most populous continent on earth. It has about 49 million km2, occupying 8.6% of the planetary surface (almost 30% of emerged land).

In Asia there are over 60% of the world's population. Located mainly in the eastern and northern hemispheres, Asia is often defined as the portion of Eurasia (the Africa-Asia-Europe ensemble) that lies east of the Red Sea, the Suez Canal and the Ural Mountains, and south of the Caucasus and the North. Caspian and Black Seas.

It is bathed to the east by the Pacific Ocean (South China Sea, East China Sea, Yellow Sea, Japan Sea, Okhotsk Sea and Bering Sea), to the south by the Indian Ocean (Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea and Bengal Gulf). ) and to the north by the Arctic Ocean.


Asia location on world map

Countries and Territories

The following is a list of the independent countries of Asia and their respective capitals, as well as the territories on the continent.

Independent countries

Afghanistan (Kabul)
Saudi Arabia (Riyadh)
Armenia (Yerevan) *
Azerbaijan (Baku) *
Bahrain (Manama)
Bangladesh (Dhaka)
Brunei (Bandar Seri Begawan)
Bhutan (Thimphu)
Cambodia (Phnom Penh)
Kazakhstan (Astana) *
People's Republic of China (Beijing)
Cyprus (Nicosia) *
Singapore (City of Singapore)
North Korea (P'yongyang)
South Korea (Seoul)
Egypt (Cairo) *
United Arab Emirates (Abu Dhabi)
Philippines (Manila)
Georgia (Tbilisi) *
Yemen (Sana)
India (New Delhi)
Indonesia (Jakarta) *
Iran (Tehran)
Iraq (Baghdad)
Israel (Jerusalem)
Japan (Tokyo)
Jordan (Amman)
Kuwait (Al Kuwait)
Laos (Vientiane)
Lebanon (Beirut)
Maldives (Male)

Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur)
Mongolia (Ulan Bator)
Myanmar (Nay Pyi Taw)
Nepal (Kathmandu)
Oman (Muscat)
Pakistan (Islamabad)
Qatar (Doha)
Kyrgyzstan (Bishkek)
Russia (Moscow) *
Syria (Damascus)
Sri Lanka (Colombo)
Tajikistan (Dushanbe)
Thailand (Bangkok)
Taiwan (Taipei)
Timor-Leste (Dili) *
Turkmenistan (Ashkhabad)
Turkey (Ankara) *
Uzbekistan (Tashkent)
Vietnam (Hanoi)

Dependent Territories

British Chagos Archipelago
West Bank Israel
Gaza Strip Palestinian Authority
Christmas Island Australia
Cocos Islands Australia
Macau China
Hong Kong China
Taiwan not yet recognized as an independent state

* Countries that can also be classified on other continents (transcontinental)

Other information

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