Artists and their works
The Renaissance began in the cities of the Italian peninsula, which accumulated great wealth thanks to trade. Over time, this movement spread throughout Europe.
The period of greatest Renaissance production on the Italian peninsula was from 1450 to 1550. In the rest of Europe, it occurred throughout the 16th century. In the Italian peninsula, the following names stood out:
Leonardo da Vinci (1452 - 1519)
Painter, architect, sculptor, physicist, engineer, writer and musician, he excelled in all these branches of art and science. He is the author, among other famous paintings, of Gioconda or Mona Lisa and from Last supper;
Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475 - 1564)
Architect, sculptor and painter helped design the grand dome of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. His are also the sculptures Pietá, David, Moses, besides the paintings of the Sistine Chapel, located next to the basilica of St. Peter;
Rafael Sanzio (1483 - 1520)
Author of several Madonnas (a series of representations of the Virgin with the baby Jesus) and portraits of popes and kings;
Sandro Botticelli (1444 - 1510)
He also painted a large number of madonnas, as well as religious and pagan-inspired paintings such as the The spring it's the Venus Rebirth;
Galileo Galilei (1564 - 1642)
Mathematician, physicist and astronomer, he was one of the first scholars of his day to use the experimental method to study nature and prove his theories. It built the first astronomical telescope, by which it confirmed the heliocentric theory of Copernicus (link to Copernicus), which stated whether the sun is the center of the universe. Threatened with death at the stake, he was forced to deny his convictions;
Nicholas Machiavelli (1469 - 1527)
Philosopher, politician and historian, wrote The prince, a treaty on politics and government. The political system set forth in this work is characterized by the principle that the ends justify the means.